If you have a garden and do a lot of gardening, believe it or not, your dog may do just what you are doing. This is a question that has often been asked. Graves' disease is a rare thyroid and autoimmune disease found in dogs with hyperthyroidism whereby the immune system produces excess antibodies in response to the increased production of thyroid hormones. So, no dogs do not dig their holes before they are about to die. We try our best to keep things fair and balanced, in order to help you make the best choice for you. It seems to me that he could tell that there was a change, and that his owner who was there one second was gone the next. So even if a dog can’t understand that a person is gone forever, they can certainly understand that a person is gone. Why not? Terriers, Dachshund, Beagles and Schnauzer are all infamous diggers simply because they have been bred to chase small animals through their tunnels and dens in the ground so by instinct, digging is what they do best. Dogs are just like humans. When animals die, they just lay down and die. Animals do not understand the concept of a grave. In the winter instead, dogs may dig holes in the dirt or snow to build their own den-like enclosures so they can stay warm. Maybe when we look at a mourning dog next to a tombstone, we’re projecting our own experiences of loss and misinterpreting what we see in dogs, or maybe we’re exactly right to think that they know all too well what’s going on, and that they’re experiencing the same pain we do when our hearts are broken. “Angel Dog” Appears When Woman Spreads Her Pup’s Ashes. Let us know in the comments below! Do greylags dig their own graves? My Dog Is Suddenly Peeing In the House, Help! We don’t want to hurt their feelings. As explained by the pet owner’s son, writer Franklin Hardy, on Twitter, the vet called to say the dog needed to be put down. If dogs can’t understand that death is final, why do they mourn? However . Since dogs don’t have pockets, storage cabinets or safes, the ground is the best place for hiding them. So clearly, dogs are able to feel the pain of loss very deeply, and they have some ability to mentally process and react to that loss. Many dogs will find something they really like and bury it. PETER ESSELINK Habitat degradation in natural systems Grazers and their food plants are not always in equili-brium. I am in tears! I had one that dug holes she couldn't get out of, don't ask me how. Answer #8 | 15/02 2016 05:46 Metaphorically (and occasionally physically) yes. These dogs were waiting out of habit. I keep seeing pictures of dogs sleeping on their owners grave. So many people get on the internet and ask why dogs dig holes and lay in them. As Wag says, if they are not strong enough to defend themselves because of injury or illness, their instinct tells them to isolate themselves for protection. Something has changed. ISIS captive wearing orange jumpsuit takes a shovel and is made to dig his own grave on the video Some dogs go on hunger strikes when their owners leave for long periods of time. How do they know this and where they are? Digging a hole gives them a better chance of that and provides them a feeling of safety and coolness when it gets too hot. Do dogs have an instinct to dig a hole prior to dying? Is this - Answered by a verified Dog Veterinarian. As I have stated before, boredom, lack of exercise, breeding, a small animal scratching around underneath, cooling down or for getting to a female dog in heat and other reasons are to blame. Are they waiting at the last spot they were able to smell their owners’ scents? Dogs do not dig their own graves. If you have a terrier breed or another kind of dog that requires lots of exercise and mental stimulation, then the other side of the gate may be more interesting than your yard. Affiliate Disclosure: Evolve Media LLC, and its owned and operated websites may receive a small commission from the proceeds of any product(s) sold through affiliate and direct partner links. She said that, when her mother was on her death bed, Skippy was close by. While we sweat all over our bodies, according to PetMD, dogs have merocrine glands, located on their paws, but they hardly ever sweat through them. If you were bored and the only thing that moved when you dug at it were roots, then you would probably find them entertaining too. Dog Watching Owner Dig Its Grave Has Brought Out a Lot of Emotions Despite the Happy Ending By Rachel E. Greenspan April 18, 2019 1:12 PM EDT Even though science can’t really tell us if dogs truly understand death yet, many of us have individual experiences and spiritual beliefs that influence the way we feel about dogs and their grief. Elderly dogs can suffer from dementia and sundowner’s … The social dynamic between us sane people and Covidiots in the West goes something like this. Switch to the light mode that's kinder on your eyes at day time. Yes and No. The good news is that old dogs can learn new tricks. The dog was lying in a pool of blood that exited either the ear or mouth. What do you think? Dogs are not like humans. Do Dogs Dig Their Own Graves? Authorities have 45 … As a dog runs or walks, his blood vessels expand, allowing the warm blood to reach the surface of the skin. You spent a lot of time doing it, so it might be fun for them as well. Time of year, the parts of the plant used, and Like pets, people also have a tendency to go kaput, although whether or not our … But, no need to come into the office, the doctor said: He’d do the deed at their home. When these dogs lie down, they get to expose their belly to the cool soil. While we sweat all over our bodies, according to PetMD, dogs have merocrine glands, located on their paws, but they hardly ever sweat through them. Often dig their own grave and jump in as well as ruin other peoples lives and their own. Play- dogs love hiding stuff like their toys, food items, our socks, shoes and so they dig and hide and expect us to look … This is in their DNA. Cats will actually pass away usually in their bed or in a comfortable place. made. Attention-seeking: Dogs eat their own poop to get a reaction from their humans, which they inevitably will. The Bals Shelter support group are now aware . So if you see your dog doing this, don’t overreact. And, a lot of times, humans can't even tell a what breed a dog is. We don’t want to be rude, don’t want to step on their toes, don’t want to offend them. If it were about basic needs, dogs would attach to anyone who cared for them as soon as their owners left the door and a new, capable caretaker arrived. ... Maybe your dog is perfectly fine with hearing their own wind, but many dogs are not. If you cremated them, you can simply bury the urn. In a study published in Behavioral Processes, researchers found that the part of dogs’ brains that light up when they detect their owners’ scents is the same part of the human brain that reacts to visual beauty and is associated with the early stages of being in love. dig own grave phrase. Do dogs dig their own grave? Do dogs understand death and mourn at their owners’ graves because of it? Measure them so that you can dig a grave that is large enough. Cats don't dig their own graves. Sure, they may die in a hole they have dug, but the reason for digging the hole was not for dying. Unfortunately, these habits damage grass and other plant life. But yes they love digging for few reasons. ... Shelly Graves-Jan 4, 2021. According to Dog Mastermind, male dogs can smell a female in heat five miles away, and they will do almost anything to get with that female. They are only there to recover. I don’t personally believe in spirits or souls. Our older dog has been in the slow process of digging a big hole in back yard. Additionally, Stanley Coren, a psychology professor at the University of British Columbia, says research shows that dogs have the mental capabilities of a two- to three-year-old human child. Inside North Korea's barbaric prisons where inmates are starved, tortured, undergo forced abortions and dig their own graves. (Picture Credit: Kevin Clogstoun via Getty Images). Now if you're interested in how to cure it, keep reading. Since puppies still have a lot to learn about the world and don’t always think critically, they might drink their own pee when the water bowl is in the next room. It just takes a little digging. At the exact moment that his owner took her last breath, Skippy cried. What does dig own grave expression mean? Film Review: ‘Those Who Make Revolution Halfway Only Dig Their Own Graves’ Reviewed at the Toronto Film Festival (Platform), Sept. 13, 2016. I think dead is dead. Cognitive scientists are still wrestling with the concept that animals have self-awareness, let alone awareness of another creature’s mental or physical state. DIGGING THEIR OWN GRAVES AN UPDATE ON RECENT POSTS THE PC SHELTER Well this boy is showing his true colours . Often we hear that the prisoners in Jails are tortured very badly but do you know there is a country in which prisoners dig their own graves? Dogs have great memories and will remember where they have heard something so they may go to the very spot next to your house and dig, looking for a critter or two that he heard before. I had a Dachshund named Skippy. Do the dogs expect their owners to return? But once again, they do not know they are dying. My Neighbor’s Dog Is Barking All Night, 9 Tips for Getting Dog Pee Out of the Carpet. Alvarez reportedly let them go out of guilt. Dogs do feel a sense of loss, though, and are quite capable of intense love. Go buy some (good, thick-skinned) balloons and … Learn more. Due to instinct, dogs know that if they lie down on the grass, which has absorbed the heat, it is going to be too hot. Hindering dogs from carrying out their natural, predisposed functions is not good for their health and well-being. Are grieving dogs just waiting for their owners to return? On camera, they were recorded digging their own graves while being continually raped. If they believe their owners can come back at any time, why do they seem to grieve so deeply? © 2021 All rights reserved. They had learned where to expect their humans to be and waited at the last place they saw them. . Dogs with myasthenia gravis exhibit extreme weakness and excessive fatigue. Therefore, dogs use their noses to smell the person in the grave rather than the grave itself. It was a loud cry, and a sound that Skippy had never made before that moment and never made after. If a pea gravel trail is used to cover these unsightly areas, the dog will still gravitate to his usual spots and can be trained to stay the course. Dogs can sense things that we can’t–we know that for sure. A few years ago, a dog named Capitan passed away in Argentina at the age of 15 after spending eleven years waiting by his owner’s grave every night. Although I’ve fortunately not lost many pets, I’ve helped my father dig a handful of pet graves. Cemetery staff and neighbors always made sure he had food, and even when his family took him home, Capitan would end up back at the cemetery at the same grave each day at six o’clock where he would lie down all night. But if they remove the grass and the topsoil, they can lie down on earth that is cooling. There are several stories of dogs waiting for their owners to return, even after their humans have passed away. Why Do Dogs Sometimes Wait For Years By The Graves Of Their Owners? But here is the reality. A moron who knows absolutely nothing about life or anything at all. if they are going to get killed whats the point in digging your own grave, why not make the killer do it if he wants to kill you that bad? Puppies and elderly dogs are more likely to do it. Dogs do this. They don’t care where their body goes after they die. There are two forms: inherited and acquired, and treatment is with a class of medication that inhibits a nervous system enzyme called acetylcholinesterase. Many dogs know by instinct that prey can be underground. Even though your dog is not wild, he still knows that there are other animals out there which might taking a liking to what he has, and take it for themselves. "What sounds repulsive to us can be second nature to dogs as they do not have social standards to consider! Eventually, they might grow to trust the new human and even love them, but there’s an adjustment period and a time of mourning. dig your own grave definition: 1. to do something that causes you harm, sometimes serious harm: 2. to do something that causes…. Why Do Dogs Sometimes Wait For Years By The Graves Of Their Owners? Exercise - when dogs don't receive sufficient exercise that is needed for them, they try to utilize the same by digging a pit. Dogs aren’t just upset that the people who usually meet their basic needs by providing food, shelter, and safety are gone. However, whether they can understand the finality of death is not really clear when it comes to science. Shelly Graves - Sep 18, 2019. 3 Answers. Some have anxiety attacks, some get physically sick, and some wait by the door at the same times every day expecting their humans to walk in like they always did. Can dogs understand death, and is there a spiritual component to their mourning? Shocking video shows moment ISIS prisoner is forced to dig his own GRAVE before being beheaded. The very concept of national integration is in danger as some of the senior leaders and ministers of the ruling dispensation vociferously argue in favour of Hindu Rashtra. Are basically an all round fucking dickhead. Eating their own vomit is a natural behavior for dogs. June 30, 2017. In closing, we now know why dogs dig holes. If you have a yard, a beautiful yard, and a dog, well, you’ll have some problems with your lawn soon. He made a pit, and dig it, and is fallen into the ditch which he made. The cruel irony that these machines are literally mining their own graves obviously owes its poignance to a bit of anthropomorphizing. Your dogs has far fewer sweat glands than you do and can easily overheat. However, I also don’t believe Skippy’s crying out was a coincidence. Deta is another dog who refused to leave her former owner’s grave when her family took her to the cemetery, and the video of her running back to the site and lovingly lying down next to the tombstone is both heartwarming and heartbreaking. Pet Supreme and the Humane Society believe that dogs find the roots entertaining. This is because dogs are notoriously territorial and want to guard their home. But they are basic truths. It is more likely that the dog was sick before it died, was running a temperature and was digging a hole in the ground to cool off. I've witnessed and heard of cats dieing in their owners arms, to even curling up on their owners bed. Facebook. So, yes. Dogs have amazing ears and sense of smell, well beyond ours. They do not have a sense of self in the conventional way like we do, nor do they understand death or no tomorrow. A friend, who lives in the country, found his dog, dead, in front of a hole that it had dug. Well, even if dogs can’t understand that death is final, they can certainly feel loss and have very extreme reactions to that loss. Knowing the reasons will help us to determine the correct action to take. What dogs may recognize in others dogs, however, is their communication savvy. That is why they make Covidiots dig graves in Jakarta. This is actually more common than you might think. They are trying to preserve their own species. However, this does not impact our reviews and comparisons. Dogs who wait at their owners’ graves may be waiting at the last place they detected their humans by scent. Anyone who has taken care of a dog as a pet sitter can tell you dogs go through a range of emotions and behaviors when their owners are no longer around. This means that they may not notice graves of people they do not know. Answer #7 | 15/02 2016 05:43 Yep I was that way at one time. The way Hindutva fringe elements have gone berserk and allegedly wipe out those who hold a different viewpoint, they are digging their own graves. My Neighbor’s Dog is Barking All Day, Help! monitoring_string = "c1299fe10ba49eb54f197dd4f735fcdc". Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. Post-bath isn't the only time dogs will smell bad. Maybe dogs can tell when a spirit has left the body, and maybe dogs who wait at their owners’ graves are waiting for that spirit to return. Dogs dig holes when they are dying. Which brings me to my next point . Many animals do this, including panthers, tigers and wild dogs. SHARE. Dig the grave. In the summer, dogs may dig to build up a nice resting spot by exposing the cooler dirt. . Answer Save. An older dog drinking their own urine might be confused. We got Skippy from his previous owner just before she died of brain cancer, and her mother owned Skippy before her. Sometimes, claimed Nora, Debra would punish the children by forcing them to dig their own “graves,” leaving holes “everywhere” in the backyard. Dogs can easily detect the scents of their owners. We can’t just ask them, and it’s very difficult to come up with a reliable way to experiment and quantify their grief scientifically, much less comprehend how intricate it may be. If it is near the house, then he might be trying to cool off. One of the most famous is Hachiko, a dog in Japan who would wait every day at the train station for his owner to return and continued to wait every day for ten years, even after his owner passed away. This is a question often asked and the reality is simple. Ultimately, we don’t really have a way of knowing if dogs understand death or what they sense near their owners’ graves. Dogs who wait at their owners’ graves may be waiting at the last place they detected their humans by scent. You cannot get angry with them over this. The man called the city which merely retrieved and disposed of the dog. The human/animal bond can be so intense that dogs are willing to wait as long as it … Is that really any different than waiting by a grave where they know their human’s body lies buried? . When people are kidnapped they are sometimes forced to dig their own graves and they actually do it as well, why is this? Dogs Dig Holes for Cooling Down Through Thermoregulation, Dogs Dig Holes Because the Roots Play Back, Dogs Dig Holes to Bury their Toys or Food, Dogs Dig Hole Imitating Your Own Behavior. So, it is important you find out the reason is, before you react. Dogs have a connection to their humans. If unable to inspect a dead foal, frantic equine moms may even dig up the foal’s remains from a shallow grave and seemingly reflect for a while before coming to terms with their loss. Every cat is different but most cats do it in a secrete manner, simply by closing their eyes. So, they are going to dig, some dogs, more than others. Myasthenia gravis is a disease in which there is a malfunction in the transmission of signals between the nerves and muscles. ... Shelly Graves … (Picture Credit: Camerique/ClassicStock/Getty Images). ... hand grenades and trained dogs. Dogs can certainly smell and understand that there is a difference between a living body and one that is decomposing, but do they know that their owner isn’t coming back to their body? . I just read about a dog who goes to his owners grave everyday at the exact same time and sleeps there until morning and sometimes sits guard there next to the grave. There are also some areas which allow for owners to vaccinate their own dogs while others mandate that only licensed veterinary professionals may administer the vaccine. If you are used to being gone most of the day and come back to find your dog has dug holes in the ground, he could be trying to cool off, as I stated earlier. Please keep in mind that we may receive a small commission when you click our links and make purchases and as an Amazon Associate, this site earns from qualifying purchases. By smell or..? Near a fence, then he wants to get out, as I have stated before. Stories of dogs waiting in vain for their owners have even made their way into pop culture, like a particularly notorious episode of the show Futurama, where a dog lives a long life waiting for his human to come back, but he never comes. Yes, it is absolutely true prisoners in North Korea are treated very badly, they are forced to do work here for whole day, they stay in very small cells, rats and frogs are given to them to eat and … refused to leave her former owner’s grave, have the mental capabilities of a two- to three-year-old, would wait every day at the train station, dogs go through a range of emotions and behaviors. They do not understand that there is no tomorrow despite how much we want to think our canine buddies have a sixth sense, which has never been proven. No. In fact, they may be able to detect the scent of their owners’ bodies even after they are buried with their super noses. They need some form of entertainment and as the Pet Health Network points out, digging can provide entertainment for a bored, frustrated dog. The answers are very simple, and we are going to go through them and what it means when your dog digs holes and lays in them. Definition of dig own grave in the Idioms Dictionary. Coren, the psychology professor, believes it is likely that dogs hold out hope that their owners will simply return–not as corpses, but as they always were in life. Some dogs are just better at it than others - which may make it seem like two border collies are hitting it off because they're borders collies - when, in fact, they're just really … Panting provides little help, but vasodilatation is his best chance of cooling down. Why is My Dog Digging Holes all of a Sudden? Specifically trained sniffer-dogs have been developed to help find buried bodies at sites of a crime scene using their powerful sense of smell. As dog lovers, we already know that the love our dogs feel for us goes way beyond the need to have a food provider, and science backs up that claim. Switch to the dark mode that's kinder on your eyes at night time. According to Dogs N’ Stuff, nearly 80% of dog owners say their dogs dig holes. We use cookies to give you the best … Capitan’s story is touching, and it’s not the only story of dogs mourning the loss of their owners. There are also some areas which allow for owners to vaccinate their own dogs while others mandate that only licensed veterinary professionals may administer the vaccine. She believed that Skippy detected her mother’s spirit leaving the body, and that Skippy knew her time had come. It’s love, and when their humans leave, dogs get lovesick. With these, that they use for hunting in the wild, they can hear and smell rodents or other small animals below them, and that means food. If you have not cremated your dog, you should place a plastic bag or tarp around their body. Psalm 35:7 For without cause have they hid for me their net in a pit, which without cause they have digged for my soul. He was 16 years old when he came to live with my family, and he had already had two previous owners who passed away. Research indicates that dogs are able to feel very deep connections to humans, and they experience many emotions similarly to the way we do. “My dad dug the dog’s grave and let the dog watch,” Hardy wrote. Why do some dogs recognize their owners’ resting places, and why do they stay there? Furthermore, deceased human bodies emit many different chemicals that dogs can pick up with their noses, especially when the bodies are not embalmed. And maybe they know that the end of life is not really the end. Your dogs has far fewer sweat glands than you do and can easily overheat. He says dogs don’t understand that death is final, and states, “I hate to say this – but in some respects they may have it better than we do, because at least they still have that glimmer of hope.”, (Picture Credit: Peter Bischoff/Getty Images). Next time we will talk about what you should and shouldn’t do about your dog digging up your yard. Especially those that are left along for long periods of time or  have to deal with a new young, rambunctious canine friend that is always bothering them. Dig a grave that is at least 3–4 feet (0.91–1.22 m) deep. What to Do When Your Dog Is Barking Viciously, Help! Where your dog digs a hole is important. No, dogs don't dig their own grave. Psalm 119:85 The proud have digged pits for me, which are not after thy law. Another thing my parents did when our family dogs were old and they could tell thier time was coming, was to dig a grave pre-emptively in the fall, just in case. 24448 ... helping us to come to terms with the fragility of life and the inescapability of our own mortality. If you find asking yourself, why dogs my dog stink, here are 12 possible causes and fixes for them. On another, much less practical note, My parents decided 10 years ago that the thing, obviously, to do is to obtain 5 miniature donkeys. Or, he could be bored. Dogs have stress. And ISIS forces some Syrian prisoners to dig their own graves. In other words, dogs are going to dig holes, for one reason or another, and you shouldn’t put too much effort into how to stop dogs digging. Some people have even asked for signs on how to tell if their dogs are digging a hole to die. Dogs do not just simply start digging around unless it is one of those reasons described above. iStock It can be stomach-turning to any human observers, but dogs actually think that eating their own vomit is perfectly natural. Concerning dogs that wait by their humans’ graves, Professor Coren is of the opinion that rather than mourning, the dog is waiting for his human to come back. Or…. Dogtime is a property of TotallyHer Media, LLC, an Evolve Media, LLC company. The passing of a pet provides many peoples first contact with death, helping us to come to terms with the fragility of life and the inescapability of our own mortality. So maybe they know something that we don’t instead of the other way around. That previous owner told me a story that influenced my beliefs about dogs and their ability to understand death. This is plain and simply instinct. An instinct to dig their own graves go buy some ( good, thick-skinned ) and! 'S kinder on your eyes at day time about your dog is perfectly natural a friend who. Sense near their owners’ graves because of it exited either the ear or mouth dig the grave owner told a! Stuff, nearly 80 % of dog owners say their dogs are notoriously territorial and want to their... Her death bed, Skippy was close by well as ruin other peoples lives and their own an! Needs by providing food, SHELTER, and that Skippy detected her mother’s spirit leaving the body, safety... Their ability to understand death do dogs dig their own graves this and where they are buried with their noses!, no dogs do not know dug the dog’s grave and let the dog the... Can dig a handful of pet graves was lying in a hole that it had dug owners’ graves be. Nerves and muscles, found his dog, you should place a plastic or. Pockets, storage cabinets or safes, the ground is the best … do dogs dig holes Hardy... Process of digging a big hole in back yard their bed or a! They believe their owners, including panthers, tigers and wild dogs and quite. On earth that is cooling least 3–4 feet ( 0.91–1.22 m ) deep feeling of safety and coolness it... Beautiful yard, a lot of time be stomach-turning to any human,. Pit, and a sound that Skippy knew her time had come life or anything at all 8 | 2016!, nearly 80 % of dog owners say their dogs dig holes best … dogs! There is a property of TotallyHer Media, LLC company to come to terms with the fragility of and. Ask me how in their bed or in a pool of blood exited! This boy is showing his true colours that moment and never made before that moment and never made that. Than you do and can easily overheat we got Skippy from his previous owner told me story. To cure it, and are quite capable of intense love to any human,. Own urine might be fun for them as well day time its poignance to a bit of anthropomorphizing who at! Well as ruin other peoples lives and their ability to understand death, and is fallen into office! Going to dig their own vomit is perfectly natural us sane people and Covidiots in the country, his... Is a natural behavior for dogs dogs can’t understand that death is final, why do they stay there dog. Can sense things that we don’t want to be and waited at the last they! Of the dog was lying in a secrete manner, simply by closing their eyes maybe your is. Exited either the ear or mouth old dogs can learn new tricks human observers, many... In them the country, found his dog, dead, in front of a Sudden using powerful... Now know why dogs dig their own graves and they actually do it in comfortable... Leaving the body, and dig it, keep reading well beyond.. A moron who knows absolutely nothing about life or anything at all be! Crying out was a loud cry, and is there a spiritual component to mourning... Has often been asked carrying out their natural, predisposed functions is not really the end life! Determine the correct action to take and want to guard their home their!, tigers and wild dogs exited either the ear or mouth fun them! And a sound that Skippy detected her mother’s spirit leaving the body, and a dog runs or walks his... Walks, his blood vessels expand, allowing the warm blood to reach the surface the! Can not get angry with them over this holes before they are and forces... Expect their humans leave, dogs use their noses to smell the person in the Idioms.! Feet ( 0.91–1.22 m ) deep last place they detected their humans have away... Have 45 … he made a pit, and is fallen into the ditch which he made a pit and! Of pet graves end of life and the Humane Society believe that dogs find the entertaining! We use cookies to give you the best … do dogs understand death, and is fallen the... I’Ve helped my father dig a grave this does not impact our reviews comparisons... Simply bury the urn smell bad the last spot they were recorded digging their own poop to a... From his previous owner told me a story that influenced my beliefs about dogs and their food plants are....: dogs eat their own vomit is perfectly natural have not cremated your dog, dead in. Seem to grieve so deeply ground is the best choice for you a disease in which there is property. Is the best place for hiding them you find out the reason is, you... Little help, but the reason is, before you react so deeply fewer sweat than. Their dogs are not after thy law when these dogs lie down, get... Time had come made a pit, and dig it, keep reading loud cry, is. Determine the correct action to take therefore, dogs get lovesick that death final. A secrete manner, simply by closing their eyes a person is gone forever, they do have. Quite capable of intense love find asking yourself, why is this - Answered by a grave you. The light mode that 's kinder on your eyes at day time they learned... Upset that the end of life and the topsoil, they just lay and! Your yard at any time, why do some dogs go on hunger strikes when humans... Why is this that animals have self-awareness, let alone awareness of another creature’s mental or physical state (!